Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of questions

It’s important to distinguish interviews as a way of gathering information and interviewing as a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two alternative methods are:

  • observation, as soon as the researcher himself is an eyewitness associated with event,
  • dealing with papers, where in actuality the document means any product provider containing texts and pictures.

Forms of interviews and their function

Interviews as a technique of data gathering in change are divided into:

  • genre (for preparation of text into the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to identify the traits of a person, then to mirror them in the text).

The reportage interview had been talked about into the previous chapter. Concerning the investigative will find out in the chapter on information retrieval. The theme with this chapter is interview as a genre, as being a way of text formatting in the shape of questions from a interviewer plus the answers of the interlocutor. During the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, in which the number of concerns of this researcher is minimized (they generally are no after all), in the other pole – a discussion, whenever journalist not merely asks concerns, but additionally speaks much with lengthy arguments.

The truth that the interview is a conversation, shows in regards to the same level of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. Within the usual interview, the interviewer responses take 70-90% for the text. A discussion may be conducted by a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so that the viewpoint of the journalist had been also interesting to readers, since the viewpoint for the interlocutor. If a typical journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor, that is a indication of inadequate certification.

Types of interviews with regards to the topic. Subject meeting

With respect to the topic, you will find three forms of interviews:

  • subject,
  • personal,
  • subject-personal.

Subject of the subject interview is their state of things in almost any field of task. Frequently this might be a job interview with an expert, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting to the journalist exactly as much as he could be associated with this state of affairs. For example, an officer tells how exactly to protect a condo from thieves. A doctor explains simple tips to protect yourself through the flu epidemic. The economic consultant makes a forecast the length of time the crisis will soon be regarding the change. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on problems that deviate through the meeting subject, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of great interest.

The dwelling associated with subject interview consists of three components. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s reference to this issue. Then there’s a parsing for the topic for the intended purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The interview that is subject using the streamlining of the thing that was stated, summarizing, practical recommendations to readers.

The hero associated with interview that is subject also be an eyewitness or participant in the case. This really is a given information meeting, one of many news genres. The job regarding the journalist would be to learn whenever you can the information and information on what took place. Like in the truth of a specialist, the interlocutor’s interaction utilizing the topic is very first shown, then your subject is deepened, while the ending is specialized in basic impressions of exactly what took place therefore the conclusions that the interlocutor made.